Saturday, 2 December 2017

2nd Lexember Word

ankyoyták [änd͡ʑo̞͡ɪˈdäˑk], closed verb: “to be cold (as a weather phenomenon)“

(no GIF this time, as I am testing whether that is what causes the IFTTT issue)

So when I wrote yesterday that yóy was the basis for quite a few words, I meant it. Expect this to not be the last word derived from it that I will show during this Lexember event :-P.

This verb refers specifically to the weather being cold. It’s used when you want to say it’s cold outside, and in no other situation. It’s also a bit of a weird verb in that it is closed, i.e. it doesn’t accept any argument (linguists would say it has zero valency). In other words, it cannot even take a subject, and must be used as is.

That’s because in terms of derivation, this verb is actually the intransitive verb nák: “to stand (up)“, with an incorporated subject yóy, and the prefix ank(e)- which indicates that the verb refers to something that is happening to the environment in general rather than to some object in particular. Since the subject is already incorporated into the verb, there’s no place for an additional subject (as for the change from n to t for the first consonant of nák, that’s just a regular sandhi rule that Haotyétpi is subject to: nasals after diphthongs lose the nasalisation and become plain stops).

No example today, once again due to lack of time. I’ll try to make it up in the next entries.

from Tumblr

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